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ChatGPT and Generative AI Legal Research Guide


China Says Chatbots Must Toe the Party Line, New York Times, April 24, 2023

The Chinese government has published draft regulations for generative artificial intelligence, including systems like ChatGPT. According to the regulations, companies must abide by the Chinese Communist Party's censorship guidelines, with content reflecting "socialist core values" and avoiding information that undermines "state power" or national unity. Companies developing chatbots must also ensure that their systems respect intellectual property rights and register their algorithms with regulators. While the rules are subject to change, developers are already exploring ways to incorporate them into their products.

European Union

Europeans Take a Major Step Toward Regulating A.I., New York Times, Adam Satariano, June 14, 2023

The European Parliament has taken a significant stride towards enacting one of the first major laws to regulate artificial intelligence (AI). The draft law, known as the A.I. Act, was passed by the European Parliament and introduces new restrictions on what are considered the riskiest applications of AI. Notably, it severely limits the use of facial recognition software and requires transparency from AI system developers, like ChatGPT, regarding the data used to create their programs. The European Union has been ahead of other major Western governments in AI regulation, and this move comes after two years of deliberation and concerns raised by the release of ChatGPT. Policymakers globally are racing to regulate AI as its advancements raise alarms even among its creators.

ChatGPT Racking Up Privacy Complaints in EU, Regulators Asked to Investigate, CPO Magazine, April 17, 2023

According to the article, following concerns raised by European privacy watchdogs regarding the compliance of ChatGPT with the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) is planning to establish a specialized task force to investigate ChatGPT. Additionally, Spain's data protection agency has requested the EU privacy watchdog to assess privacy concerns regarding OpenAI's ChatGPT. Italy has recently banned the use of ChatGPT, citing possible violations of EU privacy regulations.


German Regulators Launch Inquiry into ChatGPT GDPR Compliance, Cointelegraph, April 24, 2023

German regulators have launched an inquiry into OpenAI's privacy practices and compliance with the EU's GDPR. The authorities are seeking answers regarding the company's ability to comply with the EU's strict data privacy laws, including whether a data protection impact assessment has been carried out and whether data protection risks are under control. German watchdog groups had previously recommended that OpenAI face further scrutiny.


ChatGPT Has a Big Privacy Problem: Italy's Recent Ban Of OpenAI's Generative Text Tool May Just Be The Beginning Of ChatGPT's Regulatory Woes, Wired, April 4, 2023

The use of ChatGPT has been temporarily prohibited in Italy due to concerns about its compliance with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), as reported by CSHub. Italy is the first Western nation to enforce such a ban on the AI-powered chatbot ChatGPT. The Italian data protection authority has ordered the ban on ChatGPT, citing potential privacy infringements.

United Kingdom

With ChatGPT Hype Swirling, UK Government Urges Regulators to Come Up With Rules for A.I., CNBC, April 17, 2023

The UK government has published a white paper outlining recommendations for regulating the artificial intelligence (AI) industry. The paper sets out five principles for companies to follow: safety, security and robustness; transparency and explainability; fairness; accountability and governance; and contestability and redress. The Department for Science, Innovation and Technology has tasked several organizations with developing “tailored, context-specific approaches” to regulation in their sectors.